### isabelle

#### What happens during function proofs

```I am trying to proof a property of the icmp6 checksum function (sum 16bit integers, add carry, invert 16bit integer).
I defined the functions in isabelle. (I know my proofs are terrible)
But for some reason, isabelle can't proof something about the icmp_csum function, it wants to have.
When I replace the oops in the paste with done it produces thousands of lines that just says:
"linarith_split_limit exceeded (current value is 9)"
theory Scratch
imports Main Int List
begin
fun norm_helper :: "nat ⇒ nat" where
"norm_helper x = (let y = divide x 65536 in (y + x - y * 65536))"
lemma "x ≥ 65536 ⟹ norm_helper x < x" by simp
lemma h: "norm_helper x ≤ x" by simp
fun normalize :: "nat ⇒ nat" where
"normalize x = (if x ≥ 65536
then normalize (norm_helper x)
else x)"
inductive norm_to :: "nat ⇒ nat ⇒ bool" where
"(x < 65536) ⟹ norm_to x x"
| "norm_to y z ⟹ y = norm_helper x ⟹ norm_to x z"
lemma ne: "norm_to x y ⟹ y = normalize x"
apply (induct x y rule: norm_to.induct) by simp+
lemma i: "norm_to x y ⟹ x ≥ y"
apply (induct x y rule: norm_to.induct) by simp+
lemma l: "norm_to x y ⟹ y < 65536"
apply (induct x y rule: norm_to.induct) by simp+
lemma en: "y = normalize x ⟹ norm_to x y"
apply (induct x rule: normalize.induct)
proof -
fix x :: nat
assume 1: "(x ≥ 65536 ⟹ y = Scratch.normalize (norm_helper x) ⟹ norm_to (norm_helper x) y)"
assume 2: "y = Scratch.normalize x"
show "norm_to x y"
proof (cases "x ≥ 65536")
show "¬ 65536 ≤ x ⟹ norm_to x y"
using norm_to.intros(1)[of x] 2 by simp
{
assume s: "65536 ≤ x"
have d: "y = normalize (norm_helper x)" using 2 s by simp
show "65536 ≤ x ⟹ norm_to x y"
using 1 d norm_to.intros(2)[of "norm_helper x" y x]
by blast
}
qed
qed
lemma "normalize x ≤ x" using en i by simp
lemma n[simp]: "normalize x < 65536" using en l by blast
fun sum :: "nat list ⇒ nat" where
"sum [] = 0"
| "sum (x#xs) = x + sum xs"
fun csum :: "nat list ⇒ nat" where
"csum xs = normalize (sum xs)"
fun invert :: "nat ⇒ nat" where
"invert x = 65535 - x"
lemma c: "csum xs ≤ 65535" using n[of "sum xs"] by simp
lemma ic: "invert (csum xs) ≥ 0" using c[of xs] by blast
lemma asdf:
assumes "xs = ys"
shows "invert (csum xs) = invert (csum ys)"
using HOL.arg_cong[of "csum xs" "csum ys" invert,
OF HOL.arg_cong[of xs ys csum]] assms(1)
by blast
function icmp_csum :: "nat list ⇒ nat" where
"icmp_csum xs = invert (csum xs)"
apply simp
apply (rule asdf)
apply simp
oops
end
```
```I have no idea why there is tracing output from linarith there, but given that your definition is neither recursive nor performs pattern matching, you can write it as a definition:
definition icmp_csum :: "nat list ⇒ nat" where
"icmp_csum xs = invert (csum xs)"
Another possibility is to change invert to a definition instead of a fun. (In general, if it's neither recursive nor performs pattern matching, definition is preferable because it has much less overhead than fun.)
NB, just import Main, not Main Int List.
Edit: An explanation from Tobias Nipkow on the mailing list:
This is a known issue. In the outdated LNCS 2283 you can find a discussion what to do about it in Section 3.5.3 Simplification and Recursive Functions. The gist: don't use "if", use pattern matching or "case". Or disable if_split.```

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